Research Papers

Analysis of seven-year moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer vegetation water indices for drought and fire activity assessment over Georgia of the United States

[+] Author Affiliations
Lingli Wang, John J. Qu

EastFIRE Lab, Environmental Science and Technology Center, College of Science, George Mason University, 4400 University Drive, Fairfax, VA 22030

Xiaoxiong Xiong

Biospheric Sciences Branch, NASA/GSFC/614.4, Greenbelt, MD 20771

Xianjun Hao

EastFIRE Lab, Environmental Science and Technology Center, College of Science, George Mason University, 4400 University Drive, Fairfax, VA 22030

J. Appl. Remote Sens. 3(1), 033555 (October 8, 2009). doi:10.1117/1.3256138
History: Received July 29, 2009; Revised September 25, 2009; Accepted October 6, 2009; October 8, 2009; Online October 08, 2009
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Abstract

Using a seven-year history of the satellite measurements and meteorology data over Georgia, USA, this study investigated the capability of a series of satellite-derived vegetation water indices for drought monitoring, as well as the connection between fire occurrence and drought conditions. The vegetation water indices are normalized calculations between MODIS near infrared band 2 and shortwave infrared bands 5, 6, 7, and the difference between bands 6 and 7, denoted by NDWI2, 5>, NDWI2, 6>, NDWI2, 7> and NMDI, respectively. Results show that the drought conditions indicated by NMDI, NDWI2, 6> and NDWI2, 7> agree well with what have been identified by meteorology data. NMDI, however, has demonstrated more dependable results regarding seasonal moisture variations, as well as stronger responses to drought conditions than NDWI2, 6>, and NDWI2, 7>. The annual fire number exhibits high correspondence to drought conditions. Drought intensity also influenced fire extent and the most widespread fires occurred during the driest years. Analysis reveals that NMDI can be used as an effective indicator for fire risk monitoring. It is expected that this research will greatly benefit many applications, such as monitoring drought and detecting fire danger potential.

© 2009 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Topics

MODIS ; Water

Citation

Lingli Wang ; John J. Qu ; Xiaoxiong Xiong and Xianjun Hao
"Analysis of seven-year moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer vegetation water indices for drought and fire activity assessment over Georgia of the United States", J. Appl. Remote Sens. 3(1), 033555 (October 8, 2009). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.3256138


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