Research Papers

Relationship between land use/cover and surface temperatures in the urban agglomeration of Cuiabá-Várzea Grande, Central Brazil

[+] Author Affiliations
Ivan Júlio Apolônio Callejas

Federal University of Mato Grosso, Department of Architecture, Av. Fernando Corrêa da Costa s/n, Cuiabá, Mato Grosso 78000-000, Brazil

Angela Santana de Oliveira

Federal University of Mato Grosso, Department of Architecture, Av. Fernando Corrêa da Costa s/n, Cuiabá, Mato Grosso 78000-000, Brazil

Flávia Maria de Moura Santos

Federal University of Mato Grosso, Department of Architecture, Av. Fernando Corrêa da Costa s/n, Cuiabá, Mato Grosso 78000-000, Brazil

Luciane Cleonice Durante

Federal University of Mato Grosso, Department of Architecture, Av. Fernando Corrêa da Costa s/n, Cuiabá, Mato Grosso 78000-000, Brazil

Marta Cristina de Jesus Albuquerque Nogueira

Federal University of Mato Grosso, Department of Architecture, Av. Fernando Corrêa da Costa s/n, Cuiabá, Mato Grosso 78000-000, Brazil

Peter Zeilhofer

Federal University of Mato Grosso, Department of Architecture, Av. Fernando Corrêa da Costa s/n, Cuiabá, Mato Grosso 78000-000, Brazil

J. Appl. Remote Sens. 5(1), 053569 (December 12, 2011). doi:10.1117/1.3666044
History: Received May 05, 2011; Revised November 09, 2011; Accepted November 15, 2011; Published December 12, 2011; Online December 12, 2011
Text Size: A A A

We focus on the surface urban heat island (SUHI) and the spatiotemporal relationship between land use and surface temperatures (Ts) in Cuiabá-Várzea Grande, Mato Grosso, one of the major urban agglomerations of central-western Brazil, which has suffered intense urbanization processes since the 1960s. Supervised maximum likelihood classifications of optical bands of Landsat Thematic Mapper (Landsat TM) imagery from 1986 and 2007 are applied to generate land use/cover maps. Surface emissivity is determined using the logarithmic transformation of the normalized difference vegetation index. The Ts is retrieved from the thermal bands utilizing a radiative transfer equation. In both cities, urban expansion followed two main development axes, which are reflected in the spatial patterns of Ts. The highest values of Ts were found in bare soil and urbanized areas. Between 1986 and 2007, Ts increased 0.96°C on average and a maximum of 5.49°C in the urban agglomeration. The SUHI in Várzea Grande suffered intensification with an increase of 1.34°C in the downtown area. This tendency was stronger in the center of Cuiabá, where Ts increased 3.12°C. Slowing this rapid rate of temperature increase would demand decisive intervention by municipal authorities, such as restricting annual occupation taxes, reducing the occupation coefficient in new districts, preserving native vegetation, and designating new green areas.

Figures in this Article
© 2011 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)

Citation

Ivan Júlio Apolônio Callejas ; Angela Santana de Oliveira ; Flávia Maria de Moura Santos ; Luciane Cleonice Durante ; Marta Cristina de Jesus Albuquerque Nogueira, et al.
"Relationship between land use/cover and surface temperatures in the urban agglomeration of Cuiabá-Várzea Grande, Central Brazil", J. Appl. Remote Sens. 5(1), 053569 (December 12, 2011). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.3666044


Access This Article
Sign in or Create a personal account to Buy this article ($20 for members, $25 for non-members).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Related Book Chapters

Topic Collections

Advertisement
  • Don't have an account?
  • Subscribe to the SPIE Digital Library
  • Create a FREE account to sign up for Digital Library content alerts and gain access to institutional subscriptions remotely.
Access This Article
Sign in or Create a personal account to Buy this article ($20 for members, $25 for non-members).
Access This Proceeding
Sign in or Create a personal account to Buy this article ($15 for members, $18 for non-members).
Access This Chapter

Access to SPIE eBooks is limited to subscribing institutions and is not available as part of a personal subscription. Print or electronic versions of individual SPIE books may be purchased via SPIE.org.