Research Papers

Land use/land cover change and urban expansion during 1983–2008 in the coastal area of Dakshina Kannada district, South India

[+] Author Affiliations
Rajagopal Bhagyanagar

National Institute of Technology Karnataka, Department of Civil Engineering, Surathkal, Mangalore, Karnataka State, India 575025

Babita M. Kawal

National Institute of Technology Karnataka, Department of Applied Mechanics and Hydraulics, Surathkal, Mangalore, Karnataka State, India 575025

Gowdagere S. Dwarakish

National Institute of Technology Karnataka, Department of Applied Mechanics and Hydraulics, Surathkal, Mangalore, Karnataka State, India 575025

Shrihari Surathkal

National Institute of Technology Karnataka, Department of Civil Engineering, Surathkal, Mangalore, Karnataka State, India 575025

J. Appl. Remote Sens. 6(1), 063576 (Sep 21, 2012). doi:10.1117/1.JRS.6.063576
History: Received February 16, 2012; Revised June 27, 2012; Accepted August 14, 2012
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Abstract.  Urban settlements in developing countries are, at present, growing five times as fast as those in developed countries. This paper presents the urban expansion and land use/land cover changes in the fast urbanizing coastal area of the Dakshina Kannada district in Karnataka state, South India, during the years 1983–2008 as a case study. Six Indian Remote Sensing (IRS) satellite images were used in the present work. Supervised classification was carried out using maximum likelihood algorithm. The overall accuracy of the classification varied from 79% to 86.6%, and the kappa statistics varied from 0.761 to 0.850. The results indicate that the urban/built-up area in the study area has almost tripled during the study period. During the same time, the population has increased by 215%. The major driving forces for the urbanization were the enhanced economic activity due to the port and industrialization in the area. The urban/built-up area is projected to increase to 381km2 and the population in the study area is expected to reach 2.68 million by the year 2028. Urban growth prediction helps urban planners and policymakers provide better infrastructure services to a huge number of new urban residents.

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© 2012 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Rajagopal Bhagyanagar ; Babita M. Kawal ; Gowdagere S. Dwarakish and Shrihari Surathkal
"Land use/land cover change and urban expansion during 1983–2008 in the coastal area of Dakshina Kannada district, South India", J. Appl. Remote Sens. 6(1), 063576 (Sep 21, 2012). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JRS.6.063576


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