MODIS NDVI measurements of Canadian vegetation dynamics over the past decade provided a dynamic picture of interannual variation in land surface patterns. Although some significant changes took place in both Boreal Shield and Boreal Plains for years 2002 and 2009, most forest land shows relatively little change during the period of 2000 to 2009, especially comparing with vegetation in the ecozone of Pacific Maritime, Prairies, and Taiga Shield. Vegetation in the ecozone of Pacific Maritime, Prairies, and Taiga Shield shows more dynamics than in the other ecozones. The most negative anomalies in Pacific Maritime, Prairies, and Taiga Shield are in 2007, 2001, and 2000, respectively. In general, NDVI anomalies in 2002, 2009, and 2000 over most of the area were negative, indicating region-wide drought conditions for vegetation growth, particularly in 2002. In contrast, the 2005, 2006, and 2001 anomalies over most of Canada were positive, indicating above-normal greening with favorable conditions for vegetation growth nationwide, particularly in 2005. The analyzed annual changes in NDVI averaged over different ecozones further indicated stressed vegetation conditions in 2002 and 2009 across Canada and that both 2005 and 2006 were favorable years for vegetation growth nationwide. Furthermore, vegetation dynamics over the past decade varied across regions, as shown in the spatially distributed maps of growing-season NDVI anomalies.