Special Section on Advances in Infrared Remote Sensing and Instrumentation

Debris characterization techniques via unresolved long-wave infrared imaging from a space-based platform

[+] Author Affiliations
Paul D. McCall

Florida International University, 10555 West Flagler Street, EC-2220, Miami, Florida 33174

Madeleine L. Naudeau

Air Force Research Laboratory, Space Vehicles Directorate, Kirtland Air Force Base, New Mexico 87116

Malek Adjouadi

Florida International University, 10555 West Flagler Street, EC-2220, Miami, Florida 33174

J. Appl. Remote Sens. 8(1), 084989 (May 01, 2014). doi:10.1117/1.JRS.8.084989
History: Received November 22, 2013; Revised March 4, 2014; Accepted March 17, 2014
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Abstract.  Every space launch increases the overall amount of space debris, especially when circumstances result in the orbital objects being stranded in orbit with no deorbiting capabilities. Studies contributing to the understanding of space debris aid spacecraft operators in mitigating risk associated with Earth-orbiting debris objects. Accurately characterizing the debris threat to a spacecraft is of vital importance in maximizing the lifespan and mission capabilities of the spacecraft. This investigation aims to develop long-wave infrared radiometric-based techniques for detection and characterization of typical debris objects via signal analysis of unresolved imagery. Tumble rate, absorptivity-to-emissivity ratio, and cross-sectional area are analyzed and estimates made regarding their values. Fusion of astrometric and radiometric data allows for a more accurate, and less ambiguous, hypothesis to be reached concerning the cross-sectional area of debris objects.

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© 2014 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Paul D. McCall ; Madeleine L. Naudeau and Malek Adjouadi
"Debris characterization techniques via unresolved long-wave infrared imaging from a space-based platform", J. Appl. Remote Sens. 8(1), 084989 (May 01, 2014). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JRS.8.084989


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