Research Papers

Mining collapse monitoring with SAR imagery data: a case study of Datong mine, China

[+] Author Affiliations
Chaoying Zhao

Chang’an University, School of Geology Engineering and Geomatics, Xi’an 710054, China

Ministry of Education, Key Laboratory of Western China’s Mineral Resources and Geological Engineering, Xi’an 710054, China

Zhong Lu

Southern Methodist University, Roy M. Huffington Department of Earth Sciences, Dallas, Texas 75275, United States

Qin Zhang

Chang’an University, School of Geology Engineering and Geomatics, Xi’an 710054, China

Ministry of Education, Key Laboratory of Western China’s Mineral Resources and Geological Engineering, Xi’an 710054, China

Chengsheng Yang

Chang’an University, School of Geology Engineering and Geomatics, Xi’an 710054, China

Ministry of Education, Key Laboratory of Western China’s Mineral Resources and Geological Engineering, Xi’an 710054, China

Wu Zhu

Chang’an University, School of Geology Engineering and Geomatics, Xi’an 710054, China

Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Department of Land Surveying and Geo-Informatics, Hong Kong 999077, China

J. Appl. Remote Sens. 8(1), 083574 (Aug 07, 2014). doi:10.1117/1.JRS.8.083574
History: Received March 16, 2014; Revised July 16, 2014; Accepted July 21, 2014
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Abstract.  A mining-induced collapse is often characterized by large deformation gradient, spatial discontinuity, and temporal nonlinearity, resulting in the loss of interferometric SAR (InSAR) coherence and consequently subsidence information in areas of steep deformation gradients. In this study, we present different SAR deformation monitoring schemes to map the mining-induced subsidence and collapse. First, SAR data with different wavelengths, including C-band ERS-1, C-band Envisat ASAR, and X-band TerraSAR-X data, are used to highlight three mining subsidence stages and their temporal evolutions over Datong mine (China) in the past 20 years. Mining-induced subsidence over a region can be delimited from InSAR deformation maps, where InSAR coherence is lost over the area of peak subsidence. Second, in order to monitor the large-gradient surface deformation caused by underground mining activities, three SAR deformation monitoring schemes are proposed, including a full-resolution interferogram method, a “remove-restore” phase unwrapping method, and a fusion of phase and offset measurements. Then, taking the Datong coalfield as an example, we demonstrate the capabilities of these methods on mapping large-gradient deformation. Finally, we have found that over 80% of coalfields have deformed during the past 20 years. We conclude that the fusion of the InSAR phase and offset measurements can provide a reliable estimate of large-gradient mining-induced deformation.

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© 2014 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Chaoying Zhao ; Zhong Lu ; Qin Zhang ; Chengsheng Yang and Wu Zhu
"Mining collapse monitoring with SAR imagery data: a case study of Datong mine, China", J. Appl. Remote Sens. 8(1), 083574 (Aug 07, 2014). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JRS.8.083574


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