Remote Sensing Applications and Decision Support

Development of a rainfall model to study rainfall over South Africa using satellite microwave remote sensing

[+] Author Affiliations
Anoop Kumar Mishra

Sathyabama University, Centre for Remote Sensing and Geoinformatics, Chennai, 600119, Tamil Nadu, India

Kishan Singh Rawat

Sathyabama University, Centre for Remote Sensing and Geoinformatics, Chennai, 600119, Tamil Nadu, India

J. Appl. Remote Sens. 9(1), 096091 (Jan 29, 2015). doi:10.1117/1.JRS.9.096091
History: Received October 1, 2014; Accepted January 5, 2015
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Abstract.  In this study, a rainfall model is developed to study rainfall over South Africa (10° to 40°E, 35° to 20°S) using a set of rainfall signatures derived from Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Microwave Imager (TMI) observations at 0.25deg×0.25deg spatial grid. Based on measurements at 19-, 21-, and 85-GHz channels of TMI, the scattering index (SI) is derived. Polarization corrected temperature (PCT) is calculated using measurements at the 85-GHz channel. SI, PCT, and their combinations are tested as rain signatures over South Africa. These rain signatures (i.e., PCT and SI and their combinations) are collocated against precipitation radar (PR) onboard TRMM to derive a relationship between rain rate and rain signatures. Rainfall retrieval is attempted using linear as well as nonlinear regressions. The results have been validated using an independent dataset of PR. It is reported that a nonlinear regression outperforms a linear algorithm. Statistical validation with an independent dataset of PR exhibits the correlation coefficients (CCs) of 0.60, 0.64, and 0.66, and root mean square errors (RMSEs) of 5.82, 6.42, and 5.76mm/h from observations of SI, PCT, and a combination of SI and PCT, respectively, using linear regressions. When nonlinear regression is used, the CC of 0.69, 0.68, and 0.70 and RMSE of 4.75, 4.89, and 4.38mm/h are observed from the SI, PCT, and the combination of SI and PCT, respectively.

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© 2015 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Anoop Kumar Mishra and Kishan Singh Rawat
"Development of a rainfall model to study rainfall over South Africa using satellite microwave remote sensing", J. Appl. Remote Sens. 9(1), 096091 (Jan 29, 2015). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JRS.9.096091


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