Special Section on Onboard Compression and Processing for Space Data Systems

Image data compression with hierarchical pixel averaging and fully adaptive prediction error coder

[+] Author Affiliations
Riccardo Iudica, Enrique García-Berro

Institute for Space Studies of Catalonia, c/Gran Capità 2-4, Edifici Nexus 201, 08034 Barcelona, Spain

Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Departament de Física Aplicada, c/Esteve Terrades 5, 08860 Castelldefels, Spain

Gabriel Artigues

Institute for Space Studies of Catalonia, c/Gran Capità 2-4, Edifici Nexus 201, 08034 Barcelona, Spain

Jordi Portell

Institute for Space Studies of Catalonia, c/Gran Capità 2-4, Edifici Nexus 201, 08034 Barcelona, Spain

Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Institut de Ciències del Cosmos, Departament d’Astronomia i Meteorologia, c/Martí Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain

J. Appl. Remote Sens. 9(1), 097493 (Jun 04, 2015). doi:10.1117/1.JRS.9.097493
History: Received December 15, 2014; Accepted May 12, 2015
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Abstract.  The fully adaptive prediction error coder (FAPEC) is an entropy coder that typically offers better results than the adaptive Rice compressor. It uses basic preprocessing stages such as delta preprocessing, but it can also be combined with a discrete wavelet transform. We describe a new algorithm called hierarchical pixel averaging (HPA). It divides an image into blocks of 16×16pixels, which are subsequently divided into smaller blocks, up to the basic level where one block corresponds to one pixel. Average pixel values are determined for each level from which differential coefficients are extracted. HPA allows the introduction of controlled losses with several quality levels, also allowing to progressively decompress a given image from lower to higher quality. It achieves better resolution in sharp image edges when compared to other lossy algorithms. HPA is based on simple arithmetic operations, allowing a very simple (thus quick) implementation. It does not use any floating-point operations, which is an interesting feature for satellite or embedded data compression. We present a first implementation of HPA and the results obtained on a variety of images, both for the lossless and lossy cases with different quality levels. Our results indicate that HPA + FAPEC offer a performance comparable to that of CCSDS 122.0.

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© 2015 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Riccardo Iudica ; Gabriel Artigues ; Jordi Portell and Enrique García-Berro
"Image data compression with hierarchical pixel averaging and fully adaptive prediction error coder", J. Appl. Remote Sens. 9(1), 097493 (Jun 04, 2015). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JRS.9.097493


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