In this context, the goal of this research is to introduce the mobile ground-based imaging system, a modular system composed of integrated off-the-shelf components in an agricultural field environment, and test the georeferencing accuracy of the acquired images. The MGIS system integrates a hyperspectral imaging sensor, a digital camera, and GNSS/INS navigation sensors to provide high-spatial resolution (1-mm pixel size) RGB orthoimages, and high spectral resolution (135 bands in the 400–900 nm spectrum) images. To the extent of the authors’ knowledge, no previous research has assessed the georeferencing accuracy of a ground-based imaging system such as the MGIS. To achieve the study goal, several images were captured over pavement and agricultural sites with established GCPs, and the positional accuracy of the resulting images was assessed. Section 2 of this manuscript describes system components, architecture, and the experiment study sites. Section 3 presents data preprocessing steps in preparation for the hyperspectral and digital camera image georeferencing process. Section 4 outlines the image georeferencing procedures including the theoretical background. Finally, Sec. 5 presents the georeferenced images and associated accuracy assessment.