Remote Sensing Applications and Decision Support

Comparison of partial least squares and support vector regressions for predicting leaf area index on a tropical grassland using hyperspectral data

[+] Author Affiliations
Zolo Kiala, John Odindi, Onisimo Mutanga, Kabir Peerbhay

University of KwaZulu-Natal, School of Agricultural, Earth and Environmental Sciences, P/Bag X01, Scottsville, 3209, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa

J. Appl. Remote Sens. 10(3), 036015 (Aug 15, 2016). doi:10.1117/1.JRS.10.036015
History: Received April 17, 2016; Accepted July 26, 2016
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Abstract.  Leaf area index (LAI) is a key biophysical parameter commonly used to determine vegetation status, productivity, and health in tropical grasslands. Accurate LAI estimates are useful in supporting sustainable rangeland management by providing information related to grassland condition and associated goods and services. The performance of support vector regression (SVR) was compared to partial least square regression (PLSR) on selected optimal hyperspectral bands to detect LAI in heterogeneous grassland. Results show that PLSR performed better than SVR at the beginning and end of summer. At the peak of the growing season (mid-summer), during reflectance saturation, SVR models yielded higher accuracies (R2=0.902 and RMSE=0.371  m2m2) than PLSR models (R2=0.886 and RMSE=0.379  m2m2). For the combined dataset (all of summer), SVR models were slightly more accurate (R2=0.74 and RMSE=0.578  m2m2) than PLSR models (R2=0.732 and RMSE=0.58  m2m2). Variable importance on the projection scores show that most of the bands were located in the near-infrared and shortwave regions of the electromagnetic spectrum, thus providing a basis to investigate the potential of sensors on aerial and satellite platforms for large-scale grassland LAI prediction.

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© 2016 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Zolo Kiala ; John Odindi ; Onisimo Mutanga and Kabir Peerbhay
"Comparison of partial least squares and support vector regressions for predicting leaf area index on a tropical grassland using hyperspectral data", J. Appl. Remote Sens. 10(3), 036015 (Aug 15, 2016). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JRS.10.036015


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