Image and Signal Processing Methods

Narrowband radar imaging for precessional targets with specular scattering

[+] Author Affiliations
Yuling Liu, Xizhang Wei, Bo Peng

National University of Defense Technology, School of Electronic Science and Engineering, Kaifu District, Chang Sha 410073, China

J. Appl. Remote Sens. 10(4), 045008 (Oct 20, 2016). doi:10.1117/1.JRS.10.045008
History: Received March 29, 2016; Accepted October 3, 2016
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Abstract.  Narrowband radar imaging algorithms based on the micro-Doppler (m-D) characteristics of precessional targets will lose efficacy since specular scattering makes the spectrogram discontinuous and unrecognizable. Specular scattering occurs under the condition that the incident angle of wave is perpendicular to the target surface. To image the precessional target under specular scattering, we propose a narrowband imaging algorithm via complex-valued empirical-mode decomposition-time frequency distribution-general Radon transform (CEMD-TFD-GRT) after analyzing the m-D characteristics of specular scattering centers. The CEMD first decomposes the echo into several components according to their spectrums varying from high to low so that the Doppler spectrums suppressed by the specular scattering can be recognized. Then, TFD-GRT is used to extract the parameters of m-D curves from which the positions of scattering centers can be reconstructed. In addition, the computation complexity of CEMD-TFD-GRT is analyzed and the Cramer–Rao low bounds for the coordinates estimation are derived. The experiment results with anechoic chamber data demonstrate that the scattering centers of precessional targets can be imaged with the proposed algorithm even when specular scattering occurs. The noise influence on the proposed algorithm is also presented with the experiments.

© 2016 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Yuling Liu ; Xizhang Wei and Bo Peng
"Narrowband radar imaging for precessional targets with specular scattering", J. Appl. Remote Sens. 10(4), 045008 (Oct 20, 2016). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JRS.10.045008


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