Remote Sensing Applications and Decision Support

Quad-polarized synthetic aperture radar and multispectral data classification using classification and regression tree and support vector machine–based data fusion system

[+] Author Affiliations
Behnaz Bigdeli, Parham Pahlavani

University of Tehran, School of Surveying and Geospatial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, North Kargar Street, Tehran 11155-4563, Iran

J. Appl. Remote Sens. 11(1), 016007 (Jan 12, 2017). doi:10.1117/1.JRS.11.016007
History: Received June 8, 2016; Accepted December 20, 2016
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Abstract.  Interpretation of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) data processing is difficult because the geometry and spectral range of SAR are different from optical imagery. Consequently, SAR imaging can be a complementary data to multispectral (MS) optical remote sensing techniques because it does not depend on solar illumination and weather conditions. This study presents a multisensor fusion of SAR and MS data based on the use of classification and regression tree (CART) and support vector machine (SVM) through a decision fusion system. First, different feature extraction strategies were applied on SAR and MS data to produce more spectral and textural information. To overcome the redundancy and correlation between features, an intrinsic dimension estimation method based on noise-whitened Harsanyi, Farrand, and Chang determines the proper dimension of the features. Then, principal component analysis and independent component analysis were utilized on stacked feature space of two data. Afterward, SVM and CART classified each reduced feature space. Finally, a fusion strategy was utilized to fuse the classification results. To show the effectiveness of the proposed methodology, single classification on each data was compared to the obtained results. A coregistered Radarsat-2 and WorldView-2 data set from San Francisco, USA, was available to examine the effectiveness of the proposed method. The results show that combinations of SAR data with optical sensor based on the proposed methodology improve the classification results for most of the classes. The proposed fusion method provided approximately 93.24% and 95.44% for two different areas of the data.

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© 2017 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Behnaz Bigdeli and Parham Pahlavani
"Quad-polarized synthetic aperture radar and multispectral data classification using classification and regression tree and support vector machine–based data fusion system", J. Appl. Remote Sens. 11(1), 016007 (Jan 12, 2017). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JRS.11.016007


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