Remote Sensing Applications and Decision Support

Characterizing response versus scan-angle for MODIS reflective solar bands using deep convective clouds

[+] Author Affiliations
Rajendra Bhatt, Benjamin Scarino, Arun Gopalan, Conor Haney

Science Systems and Applications Inc., Hampton, Virginia, United States

David R. Doelling

NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia, United States

Amit Angal, Aisheng Wu

Science Systems and Applications Inc., Lanham, Maryland, United States

Xiaoxiong Xiong

NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland, United States

J. Appl. Remote Sens. 11(1), 016014 (Jan 28, 2017). doi:10.1117/1.JRS.11.016014
History: Received July 15, 2016; Accepted January 5, 2017
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Abstract.  MODIS consists of a cross-track, two-sided scan mirror, whose reflectance is not uniform but is a function of angle of incidence (AOI). This feature, known as response versus scan-angle (RVS), was characterized for all reflective solar bands of both MODIS instruments prior to launch. The RVS characteristic has changed on orbit, which must be tracked precisely over time to ensure the quality of MODIS products. The MODIS characterization support team utilizes the onboard calibrators and the earth view responses from multiple pseudoinvariant desert sites to track the RVS changes at different AOIs. The drawback of using deserts is the assumption that these sites are radiometrically stable during the monitoring period. In addition, the 16-day orbit repeat cycle of MODIS allows for only a limited set of AOIs over a given desert. We propose a novel and robust approach of characterizing the MODIS RVS using tropical deep convective clouds (DCC). The method tracks the monthly DCC response at specified sets of AOIs to compute the temporal RVS changes. Initial results have shown that the Aqua-MODIS collection 6 band 1 level 1B radiances show considerable residual RVS dependencies, with long-term drifts up to 2.3% at certain AOIs.

Figures in this Article
© 2017 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Topics

MODIS ; Clouds

Citation

Rajendra Bhatt ; David R. Doelling ; Amit Angal ; Xiaoxiong Xiong ; Benjamin Scarino, et al.
"Characterizing response versus scan-angle for MODIS reflective solar bands using deep convective clouds", J. Appl. Remote Sens. 11(1), 016014 (Jan 28, 2017). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JRS.11.016014


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