Research Papers

Assessment of particulate absorption properties in the southeastern Bering Sea from in-situ and remote sensing data

[+] Author Affiliations
Puneeta Naik, Eurico J. D'Sa

Louisiana State University, Oceanography and Coastal Sciences, Coastal Studies Institute, Baton Rouge, LA 70803

Joaquim I. Goes, Helga R. Gomes

Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences, 180 McKown Point Road, West Boothbay Harbor, Maine 04575

J. Appl. Remote Sens. 4(1), 043561 (November 19, 2010). doi:10.1117/1.3525572
History: Received March 4, 2010; Revised October 23, 2010; Accepted November 12, 2010; November 19, 2010; Online November 19, 2010
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Open Access Open Access

Abstract

Particulate absorption (aP(λ)) including phytoplankton (aPHY(λ)) and non-algal particles (NAP) (aNAP(λ)) were measured in southeastern Bering Sea during a cruise in July 2008. This study analyzes the aP(λ) properties through in-situ and quasi analytical algorithm (QAA) derived ocean color satellite Medium Resolution Imaging spectrometer (MERIS) and Moderate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) observations. We found that the aP(λ) and aPHY(λ) correlated well with chlorophyll-a and were lower as a function of chlorophyll-a as compared to low latitudes. The specific phytoplankton absorption (a*PHY(λ)) showed more variability in the blue as compared to the red part of the spectrum indicating pigment packaging and/or change in pigment composition. The remote sensing reflectance (Rrs(λ)) showed significant variability in spectral shape and magnitude which was consistent with the variable total absorption minus pure water absorption (aT-W(λ)) spectra observed in the study area. Simple satellite retrieved Rrs(λ) ratios were related to in-situ aPHY(λ) and aDG(λ) by applying an inverse power fit; Rrs(490)/Rrs(510) gave the best results for aPHY(443) and aDG(443) (R2> - 0.80 and 0.75) respectively. The match-ups of in-situ and MERIS retrieved aPHY(λ) and NAP plus colored dissolved organic matter (aDG(λ)) using QAA after log-transformation showed reasonable agreement with R2> of 0.71 and 0.61 and RMSE of 0.316 and 0.391 at 443 nm, respectively. Although the QAA derived aPHY(λ) and aDG(λ) from MERIS overestimated and underestimated, respectively the in-situ measurements at all wavelengths, the match-up analysis was encouraging.

References

G. F. Cota, J. Wang, and J. C. Comiso, "Transformation of global satellite chlorophyll retrievals with a regionally tuned algorithm," Remote Sens. Environ. 90, 373- 377(2004)
H. M. Dierssen and R.C. Smith, "Bio-optical properties and remote sensing ocean color algorithms for Antarctic Peninsula waters," J. Geophys. Res. 105, 26301- 26312 (2000)
M. J. Behrenfeld, E. Boss, D. A. Siegel, and D. M. Shea, "Carbon based ocean productivity and phytoplankton physiology from space," Global Biogeochem. Cycles 19, GB1006 (2005)
J .L. Mueller, "SeaWiFS algorithm for the diffuse attenuation coefficient, K (490), using water-leaving radiances at 490 and 555 nm," SeaWiFS Postlaunch Calibration and Validation Analyses, Part 3, vol. 11, S. B. Hooker and E. R. Firestone, Eds., Rep. NASA/TM-2000- 206892, pp. 24-27, NASA Goddard Space Flight Cent, Greenbelt, MD (2000).
E .J. Rochelle-Newall and T. R. Fisher, "Production of chromophoric dissolved organic matter fluorescence in marine and estuarine environments: An investigation into the role of phytoplankton," Mar. Chem. 77, 7- 21 (2002)
M. A. Springer, C. P. McRoy, and V. M. Flint, "The Bering Sea Green Belt: shelf-edge processes and ecosystem production," Fish. Oceanogr. 5, 205-223 (1996)
S. R. Hare and N. J. Mantua, "Empirical evidence for North Pacific regime shifts in 1977 and 1989," Prog. Oceanog. 47, 103-145 (2000)
T. Iida and S. Saitoh, "Temporal and spatial variability of chlorophyll concentrations in the Bering Sea using empirical orthogonal function (EOF) analysis of remote sensing data," Deep Sea Res. II 54, 2657-2671 (2007)
N. B. Kachel, G. L. Hunt Jr., S. A. Salo, J. D. Schumacher, P. J. Stabeno, and T. E. Whitledge, "Characteristics and variability of the inner front of the southeastern Bering Sea," Deep Sea Res. II 49 (26), 5889-5909 (2002)
Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, and R. Arnone, "Deriving inherent optical properties from water color: A multi-band quasi-analytical algorithm for optically deep waters," Appl. Opt. 41, 5755- 5772 (2002)
B. G. Mitchell, "Algorithms for determining the absorption coefficients for aquatic particulates using the quantitative filter technique," Proc. SPIE 1302, 137-148, (1990)
M. Kishino, M. Takahashi, N. Okami, and S. Ichimura, "Estimation of the spectral absorption coefficients of phytoplankton in a thermally stratified sea," Bull. Mar. Sci. 37, 634-642 (1985).
G. Mitchell, A. Bricaud, K. Carder, J. Cleveland, G. Ferrari, R. Gould, M. Kahru, M. Kishino, H. Maske, T. Moisan, L. Moore, N. Nelson, D. Phinney, R. Reynolds, H. Sosik, D. Stramski, S. Tassan, C. Trees, A. Weidemann, J. Weiland, and A. Vodacek, "Determination of spectral absorption coefficients of particles, dissolved material, and phytoplankton for discrete water samples," in Ocean optics protocols for satellite ocean color sensor validation, Revision 2, NASA/TM 2000-209966, G. S. Fargion and J. L. Mueller, Eds, pp. 125-153, NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD (2002).
J. S. Cleveland and A. D. Weidemann, "Quantifying absorption by aquatic particles: a multiple scattering correction for glass fiber filters," Limnol. Oceanogr. 38, 1321-1327(1993)
O. Holm-Hansen, C. J. Lorenzen, R. W. Holmes, and J. D. H. Strickland, "Fluorometric determination of chlorophyll," ICES J. Marine Sci. 30, 3-l5 (1965)
H. R. Gordon and K. J. Voss, "MODIS normalized water-leaving radiance algorithm. MODIS Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document 18," (1999) http://modis.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/atbd/atbd_mod18.pdf
P. J. Stabeno, N. B. Kachel, C. W. Mordy, D. Righi, and S. A. Salo, "An examination of the physical variability around the Pribilof Islands, 2004," Deep Sea Res. 55, 1701-1716 (2008)
P. Naik, E. J. D'Sa, J. Goes, and H. R. Gomes, "Particulate absorption properties from MODIS Ocean color and four in-situ transects in the southeastern Bering Sea shelf during July, 2008," Proc. SPIE 7473, 747302 (2009a)
P. Naik, E. J. D'Sa, J. Goes, and H. R. Gomes, "Absorption properties along the 70-m isobath in the southeastern Bering Sea during July 2008," Proc. IEEE/MTS Oceans 2009, 1-7 (2009b).
A. Bricaud, A. Morel, M. Babin, K. Allali, and H. Claustre, "Variations of light absorption by suspended particles with chlorophyll a concentration in oceanic (case 1) waters: analysis and implications for biooptical models," J. Geophys. Res. 103, 31033-31044 (1998)
A. Matsuoka, Y. Huot, K. Shimida, S.-I Saitoh, and M. Babin, "Bio-optical characteristics in the Western Arctic Ocean: Implications for ocean color algorithms," Canadian J. Remote Sens. 33, 503-518 (2007).
J. Wang, G. F. Cota, and D. A. Ruble, "Absorption and backscattering in the Beaufort and Chukchi Seas," J. Geophys. Res. 110, C04014 (2005)
S. Sathyendranath, V. Stuart, B. D. Irwin, H. Maass, G. Savidge, L. Gilpin, and T. Platt, "Seasonal variations in bio-optical properties of phytoplankton in the Arabian Sea," Deep Sea Res. 46, 633-654 (1999)
T. Fujiki and S. Taguchi, "Variability in chlorophyll a specific absorption coefficient in marine phytoplankton as a function of cell size and irradiance," J. Plankton Res. 24, 859-874 (2003)
A. Bricaud, M. Babin, A. Morel, and H. Claustre, "Variability in the chlorophyll-specific absorption coefficients of natural phytoplankton: analysis and parameterization," J. Geophys. Res. 100, 13321-13332 (1995)
S. E. Lohrenz, A. D. Weidemann, and T. Merritt, "Phytoplankton spectral absorption as influenced by community size structure and pigment composition," J. Plankton Res. 25, 35-61 (2003)
F. E. Muller-Karger, C. R. McClain, R. N. Sambrotto, and G. C. Ray, "A comparison of ship and Coastal Zone Color Scanner mapped distributions of phytoplankton in the southeastern Bering Sea," J. Geophys. Res. 95, 11483-11499 (1990)
J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. McClain, "Ocean color algorithms for SeaWiFS," J. Geophys. Res. 103, 24937-24953 (1998)
E. J. D'Sa, R. L. Miller, and B. A. McKee, "Suspended particulate matter dynamics in coastal waters from ocean color: applications to the northern Gulf of Mexico," Geophys. Res. Lett. 34, L23611 (2007)
H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, "A semianalytic model of ocean color," J. Geophys. Res. 93, 10909-10924 (1988)
K. L. Carder, F. R. Chen, Z. P. Lee, S. K. Hawes, and D. Kamykowski, "Semianalytic moderate-resolution imaging spectrometer algorithms for chlorophyll-a and absorption with bio-optical domains based on nitrate-depletion temperatures," J. Geophys. Res. 104, 5403- 5421 (1999)
Z. P. Lee and K. L. Carder, "Absorption spectrum of phytoplankton pigments derived from hyperspectral remote-sensing reflectance," Remote Sens. Environ. 89, 361-368 (2004)
K. L. Carder, F. R. Chen, S. K. Hawes, Z. P. Lee, and J. P. Cannizzaro, "MODIS Ocean Science Team Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document, ATBD 19, Case 2 Chlorophyll a," ATBD 19, version 7 (2003).
J. T. O. Kirk, Light and Photosynthesis in Aquatic Ecosystems, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK (1994).
H. R. Gordon and D. K. Clark, "Remote sensing optical properties of a stratified ocean: an improved interpretation," Appl. Opt. 19, 3428-3430 (1980)
© 2010 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers

Citation

Puneeta Naik ; Eurico J. D'Sa ; Joaquim I. Goes and Helga R. Gomes
"Assessment of particulate absorption properties in the southeastern Bering Sea from in-situ and remote sensing data", J. Appl. Remote Sens. 4(1), 043561 (November 19, 2010). ; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.3525572


Figures

Tables

References

G. F. Cota, J. Wang, and J. C. Comiso, "Transformation of global satellite chlorophyll retrievals with a regionally tuned algorithm," Remote Sens. Environ. 90, 373- 377(2004)
H. M. Dierssen and R.C. Smith, "Bio-optical properties and remote sensing ocean color algorithms for Antarctic Peninsula waters," J. Geophys. Res. 105, 26301- 26312 (2000)
M. J. Behrenfeld, E. Boss, D. A. Siegel, and D. M. Shea, "Carbon based ocean productivity and phytoplankton physiology from space," Global Biogeochem. Cycles 19, GB1006 (2005)
J .L. Mueller, "SeaWiFS algorithm for the diffuse attenuation coefficient, K (490), using water-leaving radiances at 490 and 555 nm," SeaWiFS Postlaunch Calibration and Validation Analyses, Part 3, vol. 11, S. B. Hooker and E. R. Firestone, Eds., Rep. NASA/TM-2000- 206892, pp. 24-27, NASA Goddard Space Flight Cent, Greenbelt, MD (2000).
E .J. Rochelle-Newall and T. R. Fisher, "Production of chromophoric dissolved organic matter fluorescence in marine and estuarine environments: An investigation into the role of phytoplankton," Mar. Chem. 77, 7- 21 (2002)
M. A. Springer, C. P. McRoy, and V. M. Flint, "The Bering Sea Green Belt: shelf-edge processes and ecosystem production," Fish. Oceanogr. 5, 205-223 (1996)
S. R. Hare and N. J. Mantua, "Empirical evidence for North Pacific regime shifts in 1977 and 1989," Prog. Oceanog. 47, 103-145 (2000)
T. Iida and S. Saitoh, "Temporal and spatial variability of chlorophyll concentrations in the Bering Sea using empirical orthogonal function (EOF) analysis of remote sensing data," Deep Sea Res. II 54, 2657-2671 (2007)
N. B. Kachel, G. L. Hunt Jr., S. A. Salo, J. D. Schumacher, P. J. Stabeno, and T. E. Whitledge, "Characteristics and variability of the inner front of the southeastern Bering Sea," Deep Sea Res. II 49 (26), 5889-5909 (2002)
Z. P. Lee, K. L. Carder, and R. Arnone, "Deriving inherent optical properties from water color: A multi-band quasi-analytical algorithm for optically deep waters," Appl. Opt. 41, 5755- 5772 (2002)
B. G. Mitchell, "Algorithms for determining the absorption coefficients for aquatic particulates using the quantitative filter technique," Proc. SPIE 1302, 137-148, (1990)
M. Kishino, M. Takahashi, N. Okami, and S. Ichimura, "Estimation of the spectral absorption coefficients of phytoplankton in a thermally stratified sea," Bull. Mar. Sci. 37, 634-642 (1985).
G. Mitchell, A. Bricaud, K. Carder, J. Cleveland, G. Ferrari, R. Gould, M. Kahru, M. Kishino, H. Maske, T. Moisan, L. Moore, N. Nelson, D. Phinney, R. Reynolds, H. Sosik, D. Stramski, S. Tassan, C. Trees, A. Weidemann, J. Weiland, and A. Vodacek, "Determination of spectral absorption coefficients of particles, dissolved material, and phytoplankton for discrete water samples," in Ocean optics protocols for satellite ocean color sensor validation, Revision 2, NASA/TM 2000-209966, G. S. Fargion and J. L. Mueller, Eds, pp. 125-153, NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD (2002).
J. S. Cleveland and A. D. Weidemann, "Quantifying absorption by aquatic particles: a multiple scattering correction for glass fiber filters," Limnol. Oceanogr. 38, 1321-1327(1993)
O. Holm-Hansen, C. J. Lorenzen, R. W. Holmes, and J. D. H. Strickland, "Fluorometric determination of chlorophyll," ICES J. Marine Sci. 30, 3-l5 (1965)
H. R. Gordon and K. J. Voss, "MODIS normalized water-leaving radiance algorithm. MODIS Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document 18," (1999) http://modis.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/atbd/atbd_mod18.pdf
P. J. Stabeno, N. B. Kachel, C. W. Mordy, D. Righi, and S. A. Salo, "An examination of the physical variability around the Pribilof Islands, 2004," Deep Sea Res. 55, 1701-1716 (2008)
P. Naik, E. J. D'Sa, J. Goes, and H. R. Gomes, "Particulate absorption properties from MODIS Ocean color and four in-situ transects in the southeastern Bering Sea shelf during July, 2008," Proc. SPIE 7473, 747302 (2009a)
P. Naik, E. J. D'Sa, J. Goes, and H. R. Gomes, "Absorption properties along the 70-m isobath in the southeastern Bering Sea during July 2008," Proc. IEEE/MTS Oceans 2009, 1-7 (2009b).
A. Bricaud, A. Morel, M. Babin, K. Allali, and H. Claustre, "Variations of light absorption by suspended particles with chlorophyll a concentration in oceanic (case 1) waters: analysis and implications for biooptical models," J. Geophys. Res. 103, 31033-31044 (1998)
A. Matsuoka, Y. Huot, K. Shimida, S.-I Saitoh, and M. Babin, "Bio-optical characteristics in the Western Arctic Ocean: Implications for ocean color algorithms," Canadian J. Remote Sens. 33, 503-518 (2007).
J. Wang, G. F. Cota, and D. A. Ruble, "Absorption and backscattering in the Beaufort and Chukchi Seas," J. Geophys. Res. 110, C04014 (2005)
S. Sathyendranath, V. Stuart, B. D. Irwin, H. Maass, G. Savidge, L. Gilpin, and T. Platt, "Seasonal variations in bio-optical properties of phytoplankton in the Arabian Sea," Deep Sea Res. 46, 633-654 (1999)
T. Fujiki and S. Taguchi, "Variability in chlorophyll a specific absorption coefficient in marine phytoplankton as a function of cell size and irradiance," J. Plankton Res. 24, 859-874 (2003)
A. Bricaud, M. Babin, A. Morel, and H. Claustre, "Variability in the chlorophyll-specific absorption coefficients of natural phytoplankton: analysis and parameterization," J. Geophys. Res. 100, 13321-13332 (1995)
S. E. Lohrenz, A. D. Weidemann, and T. Merritt, "Phytoplankton spectral absorption as influenced by community size structure and pigment composition," J. Plankton Res. 25, 35-61 (2003)
F. E. Muller-Karger, C. R. McClain, R. N. Sambrotto, and G. C. Ray, "A comparison of ship and Coastal Zone Color Scanner mapped distributions of phytoplankton in the southeastern Bering Sea," J. Geophys. Res. 95, 11483-11499 (1990)
J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. McClain, "Ocean color algorithms for SeaWiFS," J. Geophys. Res. 103, 24937-24953 (1998)
E. J. D'Sa, R. L. Miller, and B. A. McKee, "Suspended particulate matter dynamics in coastal waters from ocean color: applications to the northern Gulf of Mexico," Geophys. Res. Lett. 34, L23611 (2007)
H. R. Gordon, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, "A semianalytic model of ocean color," J. Geophys. Res. 93, 10909-10924 (1988)
K. L. Carder, F. R. Chen, Z. P. Lee, S. K. Hawes, and D. Kamykowski, "Semianalytic moderate-resolution imaging spectrometer algorithms for chlorophyll-a and absorption with bio-optical domains based on nitrate-depletion temperatures," J. Geophys. Res. 104, 5403- 5421 (1999)
Z. P. Lee and K. L. Carder, "Absorption spectrum of phytoplankton pigments derived from hyperspectral remote-sensing reflectance," Remote Sens. Environ. 89, 361-368 (2004)
K. L. Carder, F. R. Chen, S. K. Hawes, Z. P. Lee, and J. P. Cannizzaro, "MODIS Ocean Science Team Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document, ATBD 19, Case 2 Chlorophyll a," ATBD 19, version 7 (2003).
J. T. O. Kirk, Light and Photosynthesis in Aquatic Ecosystems, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK (1994).
H. R. Gordon and D. K. Clark, "Remote sensing optical properties of a stratified ocean: an improved interpretation," Appl. Opt. 19, 3428-3430 (1980)

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