Argus 1000 is a new generation miniature pollution-monitoring instrument to monitor greenhouse-gas emission from the space. Argus was launched on the CanX-2 micro-satellite April 28, 2008. Operating in the near infrared and in a nadir-viewing mode, Argus provides a capability for the monitoring of Earth-based sources and sinks of anthropogenic pollution. It has 136 near infrared channels in the spectral range of 0.9-1.7 µm with an instantaneous spatial resolution of 1.25 km. With a mass of just 228 g in flight-model configuration, the instrument is a demonstrator for a future micro-satellite network that can supply near-real time monitoring of pollution events in order to facilitate the detection of the sources causing climate change. In this Letter, we describe the instrument, the analysis concept behind Argus 1000 and its in-orbit performance. Recent spectral data taken over Ontario, Canada, are presented.