The Vertical Temperature Profile Radiometer (VTPR) was an operational 8-channel infrared sounding system mounted on the NOAA-2 through NOAA-5 spacecraft. The instrument was a predecessor of the High-Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder (HIRS) on the continuing NOAA polar orbiting satellite series. The VTPR measurements covered more than six years of data from late 1972 to early 1979. Major work has been done to clear erroneous data records. Theoretical biases between similar channels of VTPR and HIRS are derived using a radiative transfer model to show the potential bias features between the observations of the two instruments. The model simulation shows that for about half of the channels the biases can be in the order of 1 K for certain temperature ranges. Because each spacecraft carried two sets of VTPR instrument, but only one set was turned on at a given time, differences between two sets of channel measurement are expected to exist. It is shown that the differences between two sets of VTPR instrument can range from nearly zero for some channels to about 2 K for other channels. To make the VTPR dataset accessible to the general scientific research community, we have processed the whole VTPR data to common formats and placed the data online along with data quality statistics.